Indian farms and farmers have braved age-old challenges for centuries, with new obstacles added every few decades, writes Amith Agarwal at The Times of India. Arguably, the agricultural sector around the world experiences similar problems. However, the conditions in India are unique. Therefore, it necessitates solutions designed for the Indian agricultural landscape.
From feeding one’s village to state and country, Indian farms now feed the world in today’s highly globalized economy. This has regained the spotlight amidst the recent global uncertainties. It has established Indian agriculture’s influence and contribution on the world map.
At this turning point, modern technology is further strengthening Indian agriculture’s role in the global context.
While Indian agriculture shoulders increasing responsibilities, the majority of its problems remain the same. Undoubtedly, challenges related to weather, soil, seeds, irrigation, etc., continue to affect farming in India. But new-age technologies and innovations and applying scientific thinking to farming are gradually ushering a change in Indian agriculture — perhaps the biggest since the Green Revolution.
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For too long, farming in India has depended on nature’s mercy. However, advances in meteorological sciences and satellite farming, backed by emerging digital technologies, like ICT, IoT, Big Data, cloud, blockchain, and so on, are making farming predictive and resilient to uncertainties. Satellite technologies are increasingly being used to assess agricultural factors like soil quality and moisture. Weather predictions have become much more accurate and farmers have access to advanced information such as adverse weather patterns and rainfall trends.